Title Saintly Doctor Heo Jun
- 2014-12-30 14:25:13
He was born as the 20th descendant of Heo Seon-mun, the progenitor of the Yangcheon Heo clan and the village chief of Gongam during the reign of King Taejo, the founder of the Goryeo Dynasty.
Although Heo was born a son by a concubine, but he chose to become a doctor and began working as a court physician already in his early thirties. At the age of 37, Heo’s medical skills were recognized to such an extent that he was promoted to the position of diagnosing the king’s disease.
With the outbreak of the Japanese invasion of 1592, King Seonjo fled to Uiju, and Heo followed and cared for the king as royal physician throughout the journey. At that time, many government officials ran away from their duties and took flight in every direction to save themselves, so only a handful of officials including Heo escorted the king until the end of his journey north.
Heo devoted himself to medical practice and, while working as royal physician, he left a great deal of achievement and writings.
Chronology of Heo Jun, 1539~1615
1539 (Born) Born to a concubine of Heo Ron
1571 (Age 33) The first record seen of Heo's government position as Cheomjeong, an official of eighth rank in Naeuiwon, the royal clinic.
1573 (Age 35) Promoted to the position of Naeuiwonjeong, an official of fifth rank.
1575 (Age 37) The first record seen of Heo Jun’s examination and treatment of the king in company with royal physician An Gwang-ik.
1581 (Age 43) Completed the correction of Chando bangnon maekgyeol jipseong (Illustrated Pulse Diagnosis).
1590 (Age 52) Received the title of Tongjeongdaebu (fifth rank) for curing the disease of the Crown Prince.
1591 (Age 53) Received the rank of "Dangsanggwan,” a palace-ascendable official.
1592 (Age 54) Escorted King Seonjo to Uiju at the outbreak of the Japanese invasion of 1592.
1596 (Age 58) Received the title of Jeongheondaebu (third rank) for curing the disease of the Crown Prince.
Began to work on Donguibogam by the order of King Seonjo.
1601 (Age 63) The record seen of being referred to as the head doctor of Naeuiwon (Royal Clinic).
Compiled Eonhae gugeupbang (Korean Annotations on Emergency Prescriptions), Eonhae taesan jibyo (Korean Annotations on Gynecology), and Eonhae duchang jibyo (Korean Annotations on Smallpox).
1604 (Age 66) Received the title of Hoseonggongsin (Meritorious Subject) for escorting King Seonjo to Uiju.
Became Sungnokdaebo (fourth rank).
1606 (Age 68) Awarding of the title of the first rank canceled due to the opposition of officials.
1607 (Age 69) Eonhae taesan jibyo (Korean Annotations on Gynecology) published.
1608 (Age 70) Eonhae gugeupbang (Korean Annotations on Emergency Prescriptions) and Eonhae duchang jibyo (Korean Annotations on Smallpox) published.
Exiled to Uiju for being held responsible for the death of King Seonjo.
1609 (Age 71) Released from the exile.
1610 (Age 72) Completed Donguibogam (25 chapters in 25 volumes).
1612 (Age 74) Chando bangnon maekgyeol jipseong (Illustrated Pulse Diagnosis) published.
1613 (Age 75) Donguibogam published.
Sinchan byeogonbang (Newly Edited Prescriptions for Febrile Diseases) and Byeogyeok sinbang (New Prescriptions for Scarlet Fever) published.
1615 (Age 77) Passed away at age 77 when educating trainees at Naeuiwon (Royal Clinic).
The title of Boguksungnokdaebu (first rank) posthumously conferred.