Title [Asia] Tibet Tibetan Medicine (藏醫)
- 2014-12-30 14:09:53
Traditional Tibetan Medicine founded on more than 2,000 years of history. According to historical record, it is told that their traditional medicine and Tibetan Medicine(藏醫) existed around the first century A.D.
Traditional Tibetan Medicine founded on more than 2,000 years of history. According to historical record, it is told that their traditional medicine and Tibetan Medicine(藏醫) existed around the first century A.D. Gunggyeol from Aryungha basin of Sannam area, and Gnam-ri-slon-mtshan with dominant power in Taekdang area ascended the throne while slavery was established around the late 6th century in Tibet. According to tradition saying, medicine and reverse arithmetic were introduced from China round this era. Afterward, Songtsän Gampo, the son of Gnam-ri-slon-mtshan, unified the whole area of Tibet, established various systems and laws, consolidated various scripts, and accepted Buddhism. Unified script opened up the dawn of history which could be written in same characters, and Buddhism and Buddhist culture made a great progress. Especially, medicine was rapidly developed. When Songtsän Gampo married princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty in 641, tradition says, the princess Wencheng brought “100 kinds of medical treatment strategies to treat 440 kinds of diseases, 5 diagnostic methods, 6 medical devices, and 4 medical reference books” with her from China to Tibet. Traditional Tibetan Medicine could make a progress through the medical knowledges adopted from China via princess Wencheng.
『Four Tantras』, a medical reference written around the 8th century, made the biggest impact on the development of Tibetan Medicine, it is still considered as a critical reference book to study traditional Tibetan Medicine.
『Four Tantras』 is a medical reference with plentiful review of Tibetan Medicine, providing linkage between knowledge and actual practice. This book consists of 4 parts: Chapter 1, named as 「Basic Tantras」, describing human physiology, pathology, and basic principles to diagnose and treat disease in detail; Chapter 2, named as 「Exegetical Tantras」, introducing human anatomy, etiology, public hygiene, effects of medication, actual diagnostic methods, and basic concept for treatment; Chapter 3, named as 「Instructional Tantras」, providing medical knowledge for each clinical field, detailed treatment strategies, medications, surgical treatment methods, dietotherapy, and various warnings; Chapter 4, named as 「Husok Tantras」, covering diagnostic methods, urine test methods, pulse diagnosis, and composition, combination, and therapeutic effects of various prescriptions. Appearance of 『Four Tantras』 demonstrated how mature the Tibetan Medicine was, and provided an important opportunity for Tibetan medicine to establish its foundation.