World Traditional Medicine Reference Board

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Title [Asia] Thailand Sen

2014-12-30 14:11:01
Traditional Thai Medicine is composed of two major aspects including disease treating process and medical theory. Most popular treatments in Thai Medicine are Thai massage and Sen.
Since Thailand is geographically neighboring China and India, there has been active interactions with neighboring countries. Especially, their religion and culture including medical system were greatly influenced by the surrounding nations. Traditional Thai Medicine was known to be founded by Jivaka Kumar Bhaccha.

Though large part of record describing Traditional Thai Medicine was lost during the attack of Myanmar during the rule of Rama III of Thailand, some of them survived to the present time. These survived records are kept as engraved slabs in Wat Pho of Bangkok.

Traditional Thai Medicine is composed of two major aspects including disease treating process. Treatment process is closely related to Ayurveda Medicine of India, which can be exemplified by Thai massage. Thai massage, the most popular and representative treatment in Thai Medicine is considered to be influenced by Indian yoga.

The other component of Thai medicine is medical theory. Medical theory supporting the effectiveness of traditional Thai Medicine seems to be greatly influenced by Chinese Medicine. Sen, the most basic concept of Thai Medicine, is very similar to the theory of meridian system in Chinese Medicine. Sen consists of 10 branches, therefore, it is also called as Sib Sen. Though it is slightly different from meridian system of Chinese Medicine comprising of 12 branches, the concept of sen is very similar to that of Chinese meridian system, considering sen as path for energy flow.