Title [Asia] Mongol Mongolian Medicine
- 2014-12-30 14:11:20
Mongolian traditional moxibustion is a treatment therapy to transfer the heat into the body by applying the mixture of certain kind of oil (butter) and dill
The history of Mongolian medicine can be found in Naegyeong, an ancient Chinese medical reference book, describing that “People from Gobi Desert located in Northern part live nomadic life, eating dairy as staple food. Most popular disease among them is cold. Widely used moxibustion is actually originated from this Northern area.” Moxibustion is known to appear in Mongo around 8th century, and to flow in Tibet. After 13th century, medical theory of India and Tibet was introduced to Mongo along with the expansion of Buddhist culture. Major part of introduced medical theories includes Five Element Theory, and Three Requisites Theory consisting of wind (Hii), bile (Shar), and mucus (Badkan).
Inferring from the record of 『Mongolbisa(蒙古秘史)』 or 『Sajip(史集)』, Mongolian is thought to reside in wide meadow and dense forest in Northern Mongo, living nomadic life. They accumulated basic medical experience while fighting against diseases. For example, they developed various treatments such as moxibustion, osteopathy, treatment of injury, koumiss therapy using horse milk, and dietotherapy. Their moxibustion at that time is assumed to be quite advanced compared to other countries. Mongolian moxibustion is mentioned even in 『Four Tantras』, which is the original text of Tibetan medicine(藏醫學) established more than 1,000 years ago. Mongolian traditional moxibustion is a treatment therapy to transfer the heat into the body by applying the mixture of certain kind of oil (butter) and dill.