Title [Asia] India Ayurveda
- 2014-12-30 14:11:36
In Ayurveda, healthy condition is defined as the balance of three ‘dos:á’ consisting of wind (vāyu), heat (pitta) and chill (kapha). Therefore, treatment is believed to be based on the dietary balance by using herbs and so forth, and dietary instruction is the most important part.
Ayurveda is the Indian traditional medicine originated from ancient age. The word of Ayurveda is composed of ‘Ayus’ which means ‘life’ or ‘long life’, and ‘Veda’ which means ‘science’ and ‘knowledge’. The first written history of Ayurveda is found in Veda, the bible of the Aryan who migrated from Central Asia around B.C. 1500. Since then, big sized schools appeared in cities, and internal medicine and surgery continued to develop independently. Between B.C. 300 and A.D. 600, many Buddhist authors made a huge contribution to Ayurveda along with the progress of Buddhism.
In Ayurveda, healthy condition is defined as the balance of three ‘dos:á’ consisting of wind (vāyu), heat (pitta) and chill (kapha). Therefore, treatment is believed to be based on the dietary balance by using herbs and so forth, and dietary instruction is the most important part. Ayurveda has been settled down as the major health system of India for a long time. Seventy percent of total India population reside in countryside, and 2/3 among them use Aryuveda and herbal plants to maintain their health. Most of major cities have universities and hospitals practicing Ayurveda, and officially registered Ayurveda professionals are as many as 600,000. About 2,860 hospitals provide medical service based on Ayurveda, and about 22,100 hospitals use traditional medicine.
During last several centuries, neighboring countries like Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Tibet have been utilizing Ayurveda. Ayurveda started to be studied even in U.S. since late 20th century, and to be applied in clinical field. Ayurveda is taught in many ways, including Ayurveda course after Western medical study in Western medical school, and Ayurveda education along with some training course associated with natural therapy or integrative medicine before and after the course. There are more than 150 of universities and more than 30 of graduate schools in India.